This goal of this chapter is to make you familiar with the basic components of a buildfile. After reading this chapter, you should be able to read and understand the basic structure of any buildfile even if you don't know exactly what the individual pieces do.
In the structure of a Phing buildfile, there must be exactly one
Project defined; the
<project> tag is
the root element of the buildfile, meaning that everything else in the buildfile is
contained within the
<project > element.
<?xml version="1.0"?> <project name="test" description="Simple test build file" default="main" > <!-- Everything else here --> <project>
The listing above shows a sample
<project> tag that has all
attributes available for Projects. The
description attributes are fairly self-explanatory; the
default attribute specifies the default
to execute if no target is specified (Section H.2, “Targets” are described below).
For a complete reference, see Appendix H, Project Components.